English as a Foreign Language (EFL) refers to teaching the English language to students with different first languages. EFL can occur either within the state school system or more privately, at a language school or with a tutor. EFL can also take place in an English-speaking country for people who have immigrated there (either temporarily for school or work, or permanently). EFL teachers may be native or non-native speakers of English. Other acronyms for EFL are ESL (English as a Second Language), ESOL (English as a Second or Other Language), and ESL (English as a second language, a term typically used in English-speaking countries, and more often referring to the learning than the teaching).
- the ability to use English effectively when speaking, listening, reading and writing
- the ability to communicate in culturally appropriate ways
- an awareness of the distinctive qualities of American culture in comparison with their own and other cultures